ms estonia victims

Ten Finns were lost in the shipwreck; most of the victims of the 1994 tragedy were Swedes and Estonians. [12][JAIC 2] Most of the passengers were Swedish, although some were of Estonian origin, while most of the crew members were Estonian. (PDF) Identification of victims from the M/S Estonia | Helena Ranta - Academia.edu With 852 victims from 17 different countries, the sinking of the Estonia was Europe’s most severe passenger ferry disaster. [2] The survivors of the shipwreck were mostly young males with strong constitutions. [26] Members of the Joint Accident Investigation Commission denied these claims, saying that the damage seen on the debris occurred during the visor's detachment from the vessel. A preliminary examination report has said that newly discovered damage was too small to have sunk the MS Estonia, which killed 852 people in 1994. December 1997 ESTONIA . The MS Estonia ferry sank as it was crossing from Tallinn to Stockholm in September 1994, killing 852 people. The Estonia, originally named Viking Sally, was originally designed to be a sister ship to t… The meeting was also attended by Erki Kodar, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Jens Haug, Director of the Estonian Safety Investigation Bureau. The ferry MS Estonia sank in the early hours of 28 September 1994 while en route from Tallinn to Stockholm. All EPIRBs were subsequently required to deploy automatically and the accident was "instrumental in the move to legislate Voyage Data Recorders". Her name was changed to Wasa King and she served on routes connecting Vaasa, Finland to Umeå and Sundsvall in Sweden. [5], Originally the ship was conceived as a sister ship to Diana II, built in 1979 by the same shipyard for Rederi AB Slite, the third partner in Viking Line. This prompted the Estonian prime minister and foreign minister to meet with their Swedish and Finnish equivalents and announce that a "new technical investigation" would take place. [31] [5][6], As the largest Estonian-owned ship of the time, the Estonia symbolized the independence that Estonia regained after the collapse of the Soviet Union. ERRi arhiivist leiab vanemaid tele- ja raadiosaateid, filme, fotosid, reportaaže, intervjuusid ja palju muud põnevat. The Joint Accident Investigation Commission. [5][6] It has been reported that the Wasa King was widely considered to be the best behaving ship in rough weather to have sailed from Vaasa. After the Estonia sank in a storm off Finland, investigators said that a bow door had been bashed in by heavy seas. The ship's 1994 sinking, in the Baltic Sea between Sweden, Åland, Finland and Estonia, was one of the worst maritime disasters of the 20th century. On September 27, 1994, MS Estonia left Tallinn with 989 passengers on board and in the night it wrecked in the Baltic Sea. MS Estonia. Liskeard: Exposure. [34] The Estonia Agreement 1995, a treaty among Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, Denmark, Russia and the United Kingdom, declared sanctity over the site, prohibiting their citizens from even approaching the wreck. In 1993, the new ferry company Estline bought the Viking Sally and renamed her Estonia, after the European country. The Finnish Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) team identified all 93 victims recovered from the sea within 33 days of the Shortly after midnight, two concussions rocked the ship. The chief mate of the Viking Line cruiseferry Mariella tracked Estonia's speed by radar at approximately 14.2 knots (26.3 km/h; 16.3 mph) before the first signs of distress, while the Silja Europa's officers estimated her speed at 14 to 15 knots (26 to 28 km/h; 16 to 17 mph) at midnight. The following spring Silja Star began her service with Wasa Line, another company owned by EffJohn. Shortly after midnight, two concussions rocked the ship. [4], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}59°23′0″N 21°40′0″E / 59.38333°N 21.66667°E / 59.38333; 21.66667, The ship was originally ordered from Meyer Werft by a Norwegian shipping company led by Parley Augustsen with intended traffic between Norway and Germany. 28 September 1994 . (ed. Around 12 AM, many passengers heard terrible noises from the cargo deck. As with many ships, Viking Sally suffered some mishaps during her Viking Line service, being grounded in the Åland Archipelago in May 1984 and suffering some propeller problems in April of the following year. This scheme had worked for the relatively small number of accidents involving sinkings, particularly as most ships have few people on board.[16]. [JAIC 1]. On the night of September 27-28, 1994, the ferry MS Estonia, carrying 989 passengers between Tallinn and Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea, hit by hard weather and winds measuring 9 on the Beaufort scale, which caused enormous waves. Pursuant to an agreement concluded between Estonia, Finland and Sweden a "Joint Accident Investigation Commission" for the investigation of the capsizing of the passenger vessel MV ESTONIA on 28 September 1994 was set up on 29 September 1994, in … [JAIC 7] The bow visor was under-designed, as manufacturing and approval process did not consider the visor and its attachments as critical items regarding ship safety. A car and passenger ferry, MS Estonia, has sunk in the Baltic Sea with 950 people on board. Estonia was originally ordered from a Norwegian shipping company called Meyer Werft. News Sweden aims to allow probe into deadly 1994 Estonia ferry disaster. 2.1 The Distress Communication", HELCOM reports a noticeable drop in shipping accidents in the Baltic, Directorate-General for Transport and Energy (European Commission), "The Revised SOLAS Regulations for Ro-Ro Ferries", "Passenger information required on all passenger ships from 1 January 1999", Simplified Voyage Data Recorders -Why choose float free, Liferaft Systems Australia: Maib Interim Safety Recommendation on The Use of Vertical Chute Type Marine Evacuation Systems, "Death in the Baltic: the MI6 connection", "Finnish Estonia Commission members still reject explosion theories", "Utredningen om transport av försvarsmateriel på M/S Estonia", "Riigikogu Committee of Investigation to Ascertain the Circumstances Related to the Export of Military Equipment from the Territory of the Republic of Estonia on the Ferry Estonia in 1994 – Final Report", "Documentary: MS Estonia has a large hole in the hull", "Head of MS Estonia investigation: Estonia sank on collision with submarine", "Estonian tuho lietsoi salaliittoteorioita", "Justitieutskottets betänkande 1994/95: JuU23 Gravfrid över m/s Estonia", "Agreement between the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Finland and the Kingdom of Sweden regarding the M/S Estonia", "Sjöfartsverket höll tyst om stoppade Estonia-dykare", "Built From Disaster Season 1 Episode 2: Ships", "Chapter 5.4 – Meteorological conditions", "Condition Survey of the Vessel "Estonia" for the Swedish National Maritime Administration. Mariella winched open liferafts into the sea onto which 13 people on Estonia's rafts successfully transferred, and reported the location of other rafts to Swedish and Finnish rescue helicopters, the first of which arrived at 03:05. MS Estonia was a cruiseferry built in 1979/80 at the German shipyard Meyer Werft in Papenburg. [35][36] As a preliminary step, thousands of tons of pebbles were dropped on the site. The radio operator on Silja Europa, chief mate Teijo Seppelin, replied in English: "Estonia, are you calling mayday?" The meeting was also attended by Erki Kodar, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Jens Haug, Director of the Estonian Safety Investigation Bureau. She was carrying 989 people: 803 passengers and 186 crew. On September 28, 1994, 852 people die in one of the worst maritime disasters of the century when the Estonia, a large car-and-passenger ferry, sinks in the At about 01:20, a quiet female voice called "Häire, häire, laeval on häire", Estonian for "Alarm, alarm, there is alarm on the ship", over the public address system, which was followed immediately by an internal alarm for the crew, then one minute later by the general lifeboat alarm. [19] The first metallic bang was believed to have been the sound of the visor's lower locking mechanism failing, and subsequent noises were the visor 'flapping' against the hull as the other locks failed, before tearing free and exposing the bow ramp. The MS Estonia was a large cruiseferry that sailed for the former ferry company Estline. The Baltic ferry Estonia, en route from Tallinn to Stockholm with some 1,000 passengers and crew on board, sank on September 28, 1994. On the night of September 27-28, 1994, the ferry MS Estonia, carrying 989 passengers between Tallinn and Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea, hit by hard weather and winds measuring 9 on the Beaufort scale, which caused enormous waves. The ferry sank to the depth of 74 to 85 metres (243 to 279 ft) of water. Life-raft from the MS Estonia. [5], Meyer Werft had constructed a large number of ships for various Viking Line partner companies during the 1970s. [5][6][8] Viking Sally was chartered to Rederi AB Slite to continue on her current traffic for the next three years.[5][6][8]. A car and passenger ferry, MS Estonia, has sunk in the Baltic Sea with 950 people on board. German journalist Jutta Rabe and the left-wing magazine New Statesman claim that laboratory tests on debris recovered illegally from Estonia's bow yielded trace evidence of a deliberate explosion, which they allege was concealed by the Swedish, British, and Russian governments to cover up an intelligence operation smuggling military hardware via the civilian ferry. Two decades on from the catastrophic sinking of the MS Estonia, which claimed the lives of 501 Swedes, the nation has paid tribute to the victims amid calls for a fresh inquiry into the tragedy. [13] A mayday was communicated by the ship's crew at 01:22, but did not follow international formats. Seven over 55 years of age survived and there were no survivors under age 12. On a cold night in september 1994 the "MS Estonia" a 20.300 ton passenger vessel left the port of Tallinn enroute for Stockholm. Of the 989 on board, 138 were rescued, one of whom died later in hospital. At least twice, the Swedish Navy has discovered diving operations at the wreck. The pilot of OH-HVG stated that landing on the ferries was the most difficult part of the whole rescue operation; despite that, this single helicopter rescued 44 people, more than all the ferries. 503)", "Chapter 13.5 – Failure sequence of bow visor and ramp", "Figure 3.4 Approximate field of vision from the bridge. The Estline ferry was sailing from Estonia to Sweden in bad weather and heavy seas when it sent a distress signal saying it was listing heavily. Search and rescue followed arrangements set up under the 1979 International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (the SAR Convention), and the nearest Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre MRCC Turku coordinated the effort in accordance with Finland's plans. Estonia's victims to rest at sea 'I took her hand and then we jumped' An official report into the incident in 1997 concluded that the disaster was caused by a problem with the bow door locking system. 15 December 2020 – On 14 December, the Secretary of State Taimar Peterkop met with representatives of Estonian organisations that represent the relatives of victims of the MS Estonia disaster. Most of the victims of the September 1994 ferry sinking were trapped inside after the Estonia capsized in bad weather and heavy seas off the coast of Finland, on a journey from Tallinn to Stockholm. According to survivor accounts, the ship sank stern first after taking a list of 90 degrees. Most of the passengers were Swedish, although some were of Estonian origin, while most of the crew members … ... "The fundamental idea with this agreement is to protect the M/S Estonia, as a final place of rest for victims of the disaster, from any disturbing activities," the statement adds. With 852 victims from 17 different countries, the sinking of the Estonia was Europe’s most severe passenger ferry disaster. Survivors reported that water flowed down from ceiling panels, stairwells and along corridors from decks that were not yet under water. Arvid Kalle Aadli, Passenger. A survivor's story from MS Estonia. The construction of the ship's bow consisted of an upwards-opening visor and a car ramp that was placed inside the visor when it was closed. The sinking of the MS Estonia passenger ferry in the early hours of Sept. 28, 1994, under mysterious circumstances in the Baltic Sea, is the worst peacetime maritime disaster in European waters. ERR kasutab oma veebilehtedel http küpsiseid. (June 2009) "Failure Analysis of the Estonia.". The vessel's rapid list and the flooding prevented many people in the cabins from ascending to the boat deck, as water not only flooded the vessel via the car deck, but also through windows in cabins as well as the massive windows along deck 6. Download the ERR News app for Android and iOS now and never miss an update! On board were 989 people, 137 of whom were rescued while 852 perished. Decks 2 and 3 were dedicated to the respective cargo. Of the people on board the vessel, 137 were saved and 852 died. Shortly after the incident, Stefan Torssell was hired at the Swedish Maritime Administration and met the victims families and … Estonia previously sailed as Viking Sally (1980–1990), Silja Star (1990–1991), and Wasa King (1991–1993). Two decades on from the catastrophic sinking of the MS Estonia, which claimed the lives of 501 Swedes, the nation has paid tribute to the victims amid calls for a fresh inquiry into the tragedy. Hailed as a hero after the disaster in 1994, Barney now wants to know the truth about a connection between Britain’s spies, Cold War missile secrets and the capsizing of the MS Estonia. Download the ERR News app for Android and iOS now and never miss an update! Q&A: Estonia's government has resigned – what happens next? [21] There were also general criticisms of the delays in sounding the alarm, the passivity of the crew, and the lack of guidance from the bridge. The vessel was carrying 989 passengers and crew, 852 of whom died. Now, the victims have more reasons than ever to continue demanding answers from the governments of Sweden, Estonia and Finland, which during these years have been reluctant to continue investigating what happened. [2] Ships rescued 34 and helicopters 104; the ferries played a much smaller part than the planners had intended because it was too dangerous to launch their man-overboard (MOB) boats or lifeboats. A Swedish filmmaker has revealed that he is looking forward to giving evidence next month after being arrested for filming the wreckage of doomed ferry MS Estonia… [28] The Swedish and Estonian governments subsequently launched separate investigations, which both confirmed that non-explosive military equipment was aboard the ship on 14 and 20 September 1994. The ferry quickly listed to starboard and sank into the frigid Baltic Sea in less than 45 minutes under circumstances which can only be described as mysterious. Cooperating with colleague Inge Pitsner, Einar Ellermaa has come out with «People of Estonia», a book looking back to Baltic Sea’s severest shipwreck in times of peace 20 years ago, and recounting the stories of those that were saved – as well as the pain of people who lost loved ones. [2] MRCC Turku failed to acknowledge the Mayday immediately and Mariella's report was relayed by Helsinki Radio as the less urgent pan-pan message. With 852 victims from 17 different countries, the sinking of the Estonia was Europe's most severe passenger ferry disaster. SOLAS 90, which came into effect in 2010, specifies existing passenger ships' stability requirements and those in North West Europe must also be able to survive 50 centimetres (20 in) of water on the car deck. [13] Over the next 10 minutes, similar noises were reported by passengers and other crew. The sinking of the MS Estonia was the largest maritime disaster to happen in the Baltic Seas during peacetime and the second-largest European maritime disaster in peacetime, with only the Titanic holding a higher death-toll. In 1985 she was also rebuilt with a "duck tail". Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The sinking of the Estonia has been the subject of a number of documentaries in addition to the feature film Baltic Storm, including: It was also mentioned in the Swedish film Force Majeure.[2]. When her charter ended in April 1990, Viking Sally had an unusual change of service. A mayday call was released shortly after midnight, but when the rescue mission commenced, it was only possible to save 137 lives. The investigative committee concluded that the shipwreck was caused by the ferry’s bow visor suffering storm damage that caused the hull to take on water. The accident claimed 852 lives. Estonia victims list. (Chapter 3.2.7 – Bridge layout)", "Chapter 13.4 – Advance indications and alarms from the bow area", Investigation report on the capsizing on 28 September 1994 in the Baltic Sea of the Ro-Ro Passenger Vessel MV Estonia. Report to the Chancellor of Justice in Sweden, 12 September 2006, "1994: Hundreds feared dead in ferry disaster", "Chronological narrative of the sinking by City Paper", Estonian/Finnish/Swedish Accident Investigation Commission (JAIC) Final Report, YouTube: Complete radio conversations (audio), YouTube: MS Estonia - discovering the hole, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1994, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=MS_Estonia&oldid=1002295052, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from September 2017, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lamento, for organ ("Lament over the Estonia Catastrophe") by, Johnson, Kent L. & Smith, Kenneth M.Jr. Lowest ( 0 ) to the highest ( 10 ) first after taking a list of 90 degrees modifications be. 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