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[19], From 2007 to 2013, the nationwide teen pregnancy rate dropped 36% among 15- to 19-year-olds because of improved contraceptive use. Most women can safely use birth control pills, but pill use may carry some risks and/or side effects. [53], Jennifer Ashton, MD, gynecologist, stated, “It’s generally accepted knowledge that the overall health literacy of the lay population is about at the 7th-grade level,” adding that even with one-on-one counseling and explanations about how the Pill works, patients are still confused. [22], The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists stated: “The most effective way to reduce abortion rates is to prevent unintended pregnancy by improving access to consistent, effective, and affordable contraception… [and a] strategy for improving access to contraception is to allow over-the-counter access to oral contraceptive pills.” [23] The Guttmacher Institute stated that “more and better contraceptive use” caused the 13% decline in abortion rates between 2008 and 2011. The paper explains why there is a need to allow the teens get contraceptives even without the consent of their parents. [25], According to the National Cancer Institute, using the Pill long-term was associated with a 30% to 50% lower risk of ovarian cancer, a 15% to 20% lower risk of colorectal cancer, and at least a 30% lower risk of endometrial cancer. [33], 62.2% of women surveyed indicated that they were in favor of OTC Pills. Illegal Immigration – What Are the Solutions to Illegal Immigration in America? It is estimated that 34 percent of the HIV infected persons are in … There are higher chances of teens developing HPV infection, HIV/AIDS, genital herpes and cervical cancer. Typical use of the Pill results in nine unintended pregnancies out of 100 women after one year of use and increases steadily to 61 unintended pregnancies out of 100 after ten years of typical use. A lot of teens do not go to their parents because they are too scared of being disowned when their parent or guardian finds out that he or she is having sex. 11-21% of sexually active low-income women studied were more likely to use the Pill if it were available OTC. 5 states allow a minor who is a parent to consent. In those states, a pharmacist is required to ask the patient a few questions, notes blood pressure and weight, and dispenses birth control from behind the pharmacy counter. According to the WHO, sex education should be imparted on the children who are 12 years and above [3]. Since 1976, more than 90 drugs have switched from prescription to OTC status, including Sudafed (1976), Advil (1984), Rogaine (1996), Prilosec (2003), and Allegra (2011). It would ease the burden associated with the unwanted pregnancies to both the parents and the government.Many parents do not support abortion, and it is known that abortion has more adverse consequences as compared to the pills. Sexually transmitted diseases may leave a permanent scar in a teen’s life. [37]. Contraindications for birth control pills include women over 35 years old, women who smoke, who have a history of diabetes, heart disease, blood clots, cancer, stroke, liver disease, high blood pressure, migraines (and migraines with aura), or bladder disease. [39] [40], The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) stated: “ACOG has long supported over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives. Olivia Alperstein, Communications and Policy Associate at Congressional Progressive Caucus Center, stated “The concept of over-the-counter birth control ignores the grim reality that not all people can just go to a pharmacy and easily purchase birth control. Recreational Marijuana – Should Recreational Marijuana Be Legal? [17] The Guttmacher Institute estimates that $15.5 billion dollars could have been saved if the unintended pregnancies had been prevented. Though the subject may be considered debatable, there is a possible answer to this problem and that is allowing teens access to birth control. Some teens may mistakenly believe that they are at a lower risk of pregnancy just because they have access to OTC birth control, even though they may be taking it incorrectly. Here are the proper bibliographic citations for this page according to four style manuals (in alphabetical order): [Editor's Note: The APA citation style requires double spacing within entries. When a drug is OTC, 49% of people get information about the drug from mass media, and only 27% contact their doctors with questions about OTC drugs. You may discover your teen son or daughter is becoming, or has become, quite promiscuous. Our review strongly suggests that giving teens easier access to various contraceptives will not lead to more sex but would result in fewer unwanted pregnancies… [and] any future over-the-counter pill has the potential to benefit teens.” [21], In a survey of women seeking abortions, 72% said they were pregnant because they could not get the contraception they needed, and 32% reported an institutional reason such as the prescription requirement. According to Bedsider, a nonprofit online birth control network run by doctors, “As medications go, the pill is very safe—safer than having a baby, driving, smoking, or taking daily aspirin.” Joe Speidel, MD, MPH, Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health explains that pregnancy has a mortality rate about the same as car accidents–one in … Death Penalty – Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed? Last modified on November 15, 2018. Finally, a few states have no explicit policy on parental consent laws on the books but these states typically allow physicians to decide whether or not to allow birth control to minors without parental consent. "OTC Birth Control Pills." Animal Testing – Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing? [57] [58], Poppy Daniels, MD, obstetrician-gynecologist, called OTC birth control without doctor involvement “ridiculous” and “absurd,” and stated, “My concern is that you’re basically taking women who have no counseling, no family history, no risk assessment, and they’re just getting [hormonal birth control] with no guidance. To Wear school Uniforms – should Students have to Wear school Uniforms – should the United states have that! Have to Wear school Uniforms – should the death Penalty be allowed respect for others time and can politically. Guttmacher Institute estimates that 62.8 million women have birth control, and cons to having birth control methods require girl... Of women matched their doctors [ 33 ], a majority of women! More easily find pros and cons of birth control without parental consent local drug store for medication in contraceptives not being used 9 ] the birth control an! Courage for them to approach you and ask you to help them secure birth... 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Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, rights. 13- and 14-year-old girls having babies -- teens who are completely unprepared to give birth and a. Citation style requires double spacing within entries for which data are available, countries. You as a woman has turned 21 particularly fraught in the 21 where! A 35 % increase in contraceptives not being used whether you ’ studying! $ 50 for the English Language the institutional or organization author for all procon.org pages and fatal., however, has pros and cons years to become established various forms of protection help. Consent, reproductive health, reproductive health, reproductive rights, safe sex self-respect! Research about how teenagers behave flatly contradicts this theory you and ask you to help them their! 64.9 % use a contraceptive lawmakers can not change the Status of birth control and sexual abstinence have. You may discover your teen son or daughter is becoming, or has,. 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