Dwarf South American Cichlids Breeding Level – Intermediate. They can be found from the Barima River (Guyana) towards the Ouanary River (French Guiana). Large rocks can be used to create resting places or can be used like obstacles in community tank's. The aptly named Keyhole Cichlid. The Jewel cichlid (scientific name: Hemichromis bimaculatus) is a popular fish in the cichlid family. Breeding Your email address will not be published. Sexing. Siamese Algae Eater – Care, Feeding, Tank Mates & Details You Need! Keyhole Cichlid (Cleithracara maronii) Find out more : flickr.com. 14. It's clear that everyone wants clear water in the aquarium. Described from the Maroni in French Guiana and occurs in most river drainages of the country as well as Guyana, Suriname, the Orinoco delta region in Venezuela and island of Trinidad, though in the latter it may not have been recorded since the 1960s. Populate the tank with a school of cichlids and only one rainbow shark. I myself give some of this food to my pets and as for the rest I’ve heard and read lots of good reviews. They only grow to be 4-5 inches, so you can keep them in an aquarium as small as 30 gallons. Most bred fish will like to have a neutral PH – 6.5-7.2, compared to keyhole cichlids which are found in the wild. It is generally advised that the minimum tank size for Keyhole Cichlid (Cleithracara maronii) should be one of at least 36 inches in length or more due to the fact that a shoal of around six per species should be maintained and the adult fish will be around four inches or more in length. What's new. Salvini Cichlids are predator fish, it takes thorough understanding of their behavior & requirements. In a tank you can successfully feed it with live, dry and frozen food. As a matter of fact, they spend most of their day hiding. If the water tank is overcrowded, then the offspring can die even when both the parents are guarding it. The keyhole cichlids are small and brown colored with an oval-shaped body. It’d be perfect to keep the fish in biotope with the species that dwell together with it in the wild. Re: Keyhole - add rams or mollies in 20 gallon tank Tue May 05, 2015 12:55 am Well, it's only 48 hours in, but three gold dust mollies are doing fine in there, and the two remaining flag fish (one I hadn't seen in days) are semi-schooling with the mollies. Older records suggest this species was also present on the island of Trinidad, but it's not clear if they are still resident. The keyhole cichlids are also identified under the name ‘oval cichlid’ because of their shape. Photos. I have two keyhole cichlids, how do I tell if they are male or female. In a tank you should use high quality special food for large cichlid species as its basic diet and additionally feed the fish with live or frozen food. Synodontis Catfish – Care, Types, Feeding, Tank Mates & Details! The keyhole cichlids usually feed on crustaceans, worms, insects, and larvae. Family: CichlidaeCommon Name: Keyhole cichlidScientific Name: Cleithracara maroniiTemperament: PeacefulTank size: 18 gallons and moreWater Hardness: 36 – 268 ppmTemperature: 72°F- 78°F (22 to 26 °С)Diet: OmnivorousSize: up to 10 cm (4 inches)pH: 6.5-7.2Lifespan: up to 8 years. They are renowned for their stunning visual appearance, unique behaviors and fun personalities.They belong to the Cichlidae family, of which there are approximately 3000 species within the family.Cichlids body types range from the tiny Neolamprologus multifasciatus, which are less than an inch long, to the Gian… 30 gallons will be enough for most, but make sure to check what each species needs. Scientific Name : Thorichthys meeki Common Names : Red Breasted Cichlid Care Level : Easy to Moderate Size : 6.7 inches (17 cm), possibly larger pH : 6.5 - 7.5 Temperature : 75°F - 80°F (24°C - 27°C) Lifespan : 8 years or longer Origin / Habitat : Mexico and Central America, Belize river, Mexico, Guatemala Temperament / Behavior : May get aggressive when … If you get from a contaminated source, then your entire aquarium can become infected. The female usually stays near the clutch during the incubation period, for guarding it and the male fish, on the other hand, defends their territory. When the fish are being kept in a school, you have to understand that the fish is dependent on the territory and they need adequate shelters inside the tank which can be divided into different areas. This is useful to know because this is the kind of envir… The shelters can be in the form of snags, stones, ceramic tubes, flower pots, and coconut shells. This species is the only one from Cleithracara kind. After the juvenile fish hatch, the parents take care of the offspring, and this may last several months. The fish requires large number of shelters: stones, snags, flower pots, ceramic tubes, coconut shells. This is the only way to tell them apart. The Keyhole Cichlid is also one of the most intelligent of the cichlids. Myself William and I love aquarium fishes! And just like the Bolivian Ram cichlid, they are a little on the smaller size. Yet, all of the food is of high quality and it is the best one for this fish kind as well as it keeps the tank water clean. Keyhole cichlid - Cleithracara maronii. The lifespan is 6-8 years. The fish inhabits numerous slow rivers and streams flowing in tropical forests. It has quite high requirements in terms of the tank water quality and composition – it should be soft and acidic. Severum Tank should have sand at the bottom, if plants are included in the tank, make sure the plants are not easily up-rooted as Severum Cichlids dig & few may even bite-off leaf's & small plants. For breeding, they require a flat stone, broad leaf of a tank plant or the surface of the glass where their eggs can stick. These are one of the only fish species from the Cleithracara family. Since this is a peaceful, clever, good-tempered fish unlike the majority of other cichlid species, which are brighter, but much more aggressive. They inhabit many slow-moving streams and rivers which are flowing in tropical forests. Bolivian ram (Mikrogeophagus altispinosus). Common name: Keyhole cichlid. As a result, you need to ensure their aquarium has a pH level of 6.0-8.0 and a temperature of 72-77°F (22-25°C). The only time it does become aggressive is during the process of spawning and while it is protecting its offspring. The tank that you keepyour Cichlid will be their habitat while they grow up. I use the 25 ft on my big tanks and it’s a game changer. A flat stone, wide leave of a tank plant or a glass surface where they stick their eggs can serve as a place for spawning. Wild fish are not often available in the aquarium trade with the majority of those seen on sale farmed commercially for the purpose. BiOrb Fish Tank – What it is? They typically spawn in crevices, caves or other secluded areas. Beginners typically start out with a 10-gallon aquarium. Our aim is to help educate anyone who wants to keep fish. Learn about their Aquarium Care, Tank Mates, Controlling their aggression, Breeding Tips, Lifespan, Water Parameters, Food, Breeding, Tank set-up guide, with supportng Video's & Gallery at aquakri. 5 Benefits of Fish Keeping At Home & Its Brings Wealth Too! Care Level: Easy; Temperament: Peaceful ; Size: 4 inches; Diet: Omnivore; Minimum tank size: 20 gallons; Keyhole cichlids are often overlooked as community fish, largely because they lack the vivid coloring of others of the cichlid family. What do I … Bottom of these waters as a rule is covered with fallen leaves, branches, various fruit from trees. As such, it should not be kept with other aggressive fish species. The fish is neither large nor aggressive. Plenty of organics on the bottom usually makes water rich brown colored due to high concentration of tanning agents. Your email address will not be published. It is impossible to tell between the juveniles and young species, but as for the adult males – they are sufficiently larger than the females and they have larger dorsal and anal fins. Keyhole Cichlid Breeding: Keyhole Cichlids are substrate spawners. Also you can feed it with live crustaceans or fish, for example, guppy , to stimulate its natural process of hunting. It got the name Keyhole because of the shape of these black patches that are highlighted with bright yellow around them. Just ordered another one! It is the only species in the genus Cleithracara. It is neither flashy nor brightly colored, and as such it does not show up at the fish stores very often. When you do decide to get a keyhole cichlid for your home tank, make sure you get from a reliable source. When this species is nervous or startled, it gets a blotchy sort of coloration, and it presses its body against logs or rocks, trying to camouflage itself. Keyhole cichlid is a monogamic fish, it forms couples. It is usually in the shape of this spot which gives this fish its common name of ‘keyhole cichlid’. This means small-grained sand at the bottom of the tank, roots, tree leaves, and snags around. The fish originates from the tropical areas, so the tank water temperature has to be within 22-26 °C (71,6-78,8°F), soft or of average hardness, pH 6,5-7,2. Usual size in fish tanks: 10 - 12 cm (3.94 - 4.72 inch) 0 14. The first thing that you need todo is to buy an appropriate tank for housing your Cichlid. These fish are hardly ever seen on sale most keyhole cichlids are seen for sale are grown in private fish farms or at the fish hatcheries. Wild fish species are hardly ever seen on sale, most of cichlids you see in pet shops were grown in fish hatcheries and private farms. Scientific name: Cleithracara maronii. They usually come from quiet waters in slow-moving ponds or rivers. We’re happy to have you as part of our community. The parents take care of their offspring after the juveniles hatch and it can last for several months. The small electric yellow cichlids (3 inches) will be happy in a 30 gallon tank, whereas the larger blue cichlids (8 inches) are better off in a 50 gallon tank. A dark stripe that starts at the dorsal base goes through the fish eye up to the bottom of its gill cover. Due to this the fish got its name. Keyhole Cichlids are another peaceful cichlid. Cichlids are a large family of tropical fish and the Keyhole Cichlid (Cleithracara maronii) is very aptly named because it has a dark blackish marking on the side of its light-brown body that looks just like a keyhole.The Keyhole Cichlid is a very popular species for tropical fish hobbyists to keep and breed because it is very peaceful and although it … It is generally quite non-aggressive, shy, and peaceful. Causes and Fix. However, the powerful filters sometimes create an excessive flow of water, which is disliked by the fish which prefers to live in slow water. Since the fish doesn’t dig the tank bottom substrate, it can be kept in most of amateur planted tanks. The adult keyhole cichlid males are larger than the female ones and have larger dorsal and anal fins. Their dorsal and anal fins have long extensions, especially in mature males. As such, only purchase those which are kept in a healthy environment. Hola! Search forums. Another common name for them is the African Jewelfish. Whether or not an individual fish can or should live with your angelfish depends on a wide range of factors. Menu. It can be recommended even for the beginners, but still you have to keep in mind that this is a cichlid species and it is hardly suitable for community tanks with small sized fishes. size: 12.5 cm / 5 inches pH range: 6.0 – 8.0 dH range: 20 Temperature range: 22 - 27°C / 72 - 81°F The keyhole cichlid is a rather friendly cichlid that is suitable to be kept with a wide variety of different friendly species. I have no idea if the keyholes are male or female, but they do get along fine. The fish inhabits numerous slow rivers and streams flowing in tropical forests. The best container for this fish would be one that can stimulate its natural habitat. The keyhole cichlid (Cleithracara maronii) is a cichlid fish endemic to tropical South America, occurring in the lower Orinoco Basin in Venezuela and river basins in The Guianas. It would be the ideal situation to keep them in a bio tape along with the other fish species which dwells together with it in the wild. Therefore, maximum of the aggression the fish demonstrates is to ward off other fishes from their territory. The space your fish need depends on their species, larger ones needing a bigger tank. They have black spots on their upper flanks that can be sometimes extended into a short stripe. This is an endemic of tropical South America, within Orinoco river estuary area starting from Barima river (Guyana) to Ouanary river (French Guiana). Most of pet shops and breeders ignore it because of its timidity and not very bright coloring and this is a big mistake. The new fish couple may sometimes eat their first offspring, especially if they feel threatened by the other fish. Cleithracara means “lock acara.”. The female stays near the clutch to guard it and the male guards their territory. Jul 14, 2009. snowflake311. In the center of the body closer to its tail there is a group of dark spots that resemble a keyhole. Recommended pH range for the species: 6.8 - 8. Eggs are laid on a hard, flat surface. It is quite undemanding and has very interesting behavior. Yellow Lab Cichlid (Electric Yellow Cichlid) – Care, Tank Mates, Size & Details! Apistogramma Agassizii – Care, Size, Tank Mates & Details! But the tank should be roomy enough and have enough of shelters. These fish are monogamic, and they form couples. The keyhole cichlids are from South America within the area of the Orinoco River. Plenty of organics on the bot… This diet should be offered to the fish to keep them healthy and in an optimal condition. If your aquarium is placed in a room that does not get much sunlight, then you should have sufficient lights on during the day time. Keep in mind that even non-aggressive Cichlids can lash out at other tank mates if they are not provided a proper aquarium environment. This is the reason why they have been named as ‘keyhole’ cichlid from which their genus name Cleithracara originates from. Here, you can find out everything you need to know about keeping fish and aquarium maintenance. Keyhole cichlid information: Scientific name: Cleithracara Maronii Common name: keyhole cichlid Max. Keyhole Cichlid (Cleithracara maronii) is from South America found in the lower Orinoco Basin in Venezuela and the river basins in The Guianas. The bottom of these rivers is usually covered with branches, fallen leaves, and various fruits from the trees. The amount of lighting which is required in the tank, however, should be able to mimic the sunlight they would receive in their natural habitat. Offering plenty of space for your Cichlids is an easy way to limit aggression. Adult male and female species create a constant couple that they keep even after the spawning is over. As such, it is advisable to put the fish into another tank for spawning. You will need a fish tank of about 20 gallons of size if you want to keep a pair of Keyhole Cichlids. Since the keyhole cichlids are timid and small fish, they prefer to hide when it feels there is a danger. Electric Blue Hap – Care, Feeding, Tank Mates & Details! Keyhole cichlids do not generally show aggression towards their tank mates if they are at least a few centimeters long. The keyhole cichlid has an average life expectancy of about eight to ten years if they are kept in good care and provided with the right diet. Since these fish are not very brightly colored, they are not one of the most popular choices in fish stores or tanks. It is best to start with a group of young fish and allow them to form pairs themselves, naturally. Jul 12, 2009. sarahjayne. This will enable your small shoal to move around freely. Why Fish Tank Water is Cloudy? Cleithracara maronii) is a very nice, but not very popular tank fish. Read on to learn more about each fish so you can decide whether or not they are right for your tank. Tank is heavily planted. A few flat stones should also be available for spawning. The maximum level of aggression that this fish show is while warding off other fish from its territory. He’s been fond of aquarium husbandry since his early childhood. Space is important. Latin Name: Cleithracara maronii Tank Size 150 Lt.; Care Level: Moderate Water Conditions: PH:6.0-8.0, KH 9-20, 22°C-25°C Color Form: Black, Green Geographic Region: South American Temperament: Semi-Aggressive Max Size: 15cm Family: Cichlidae WaterConditions: PH:6.0-8.0, KH 9-20, 22°C-25°C Diet: Omnivore Overview. Keyhole Cichlids are omnivorous. Now, a captiveenvironment will never be the same as the natural habitat of these beings. Recommended tank volume for one couple starts from 80 liters (17,6 gallons). Spawning Dwarf South American Cichlids is best done in a dedicated breeding aquarium with no other fish present. The fish is fearful and timid and if there are a lot of shelters in the tank it’ll help to decrease the stress. But when adult the male keyhole cichlid develops longer and more pointed anal and dorsal fins. The Keyhole Cichlid is known from the Orinoco delta in Venezuela, eastwards through Guyana and Suriname to the Ouanary River, in eastern French Guiana. My question is, do I have room for 1-2 more dwarf cichlids, maybe cockatoos or German Blue Rams? While a 10-gallon is fine for housing a modest number of non-territorial fish, it is inadequate for all but the smallest cichlids — perhaps a pair of keyhole cichlids or rams. In that case, it’s better to get a heater for your tank, which will help you maintain the temperatures on that level. The Keyhole Cichlid is a favourite among cichlid … The species is popular with fishkeeping hobbyists and is frequently kept in aquariums. Up to 300 or more eggs can be deposited at one time. However, through the years he’s had experience of keeping almost all types of freshwater fish and shrimps. When it comes to determining the gender of the fish, it is almost impossible to tell the genders apart, especially in the juveniles and in the young species. The keyhole cichlid (lat. All information, content, materials on this site, or obtained from a website to which the site is linked are provided to you “as is” without warranty of any kind either express or implied. However, if your room is well lit, then 2-3 hours of light per day is good enough. The fish feeds on worms, crustaceans, larvae and insects. They are quite popular with the fish keeping hobbyists, and they are quite frequently found in aquariums. Bottom of these waters as a rule is covered with fallen leaves, branches, various fruit from trees. When keeping the fish in a school you should bear in mind that the fish is a territory dependent one and there has to be a sufficient number of shelters in the tank, that will divide it into some areas. You should provide them with a variety of frozen foods such as vitamin -enriched brine shrimp, white mosquito larvae, bloodworm, Mysis, daphnia, and various dried foods such as flake, green flake, slow sinking granules/pellets etc. We should mention that inexperienced couples quite often eat their fist offspring, especially if they feel threatened by other fishes. The fish is timid and fearful, and if there are too many shelters in the tank, then it will be helpful to decrease the stress of the fish. Keyhole cichlids are usually very peaceful except when breeding at which time they will defend their territory against all other fish. When there is quite a lot of organics on the bottom of the water, it makes it richly brown colored because of the high level of the tanning agents. The gender of juvenile keyhole cichlids cannot be reliably accessed. When it comes to the tank water, it has high requirements for composition and water quality. Aquatics Unlimited 3550 S. 108th Street Greenfield, WI 53228 Phone: 414-543-2552 Fax: 414-543-4929 It even eats beetles which can be dropped down in the water tank. These fish originate from west Africa primarily but can be found a bit further east as well. They spend most of their time in smaller bodies of freshwater like rivers, streams, and lakes (among others). Without a doubt Cichlids are by far one of the most popular types of freshwater fish. There should also be convenient cleaning of the tank, especially of the bottom substrate. Family: Cichlidae. While it is in the water tank, it can be fed live, dry, or frozen food. The information, content and material contained on the site is intended to be of a general nature only and is not intended to constitute professional/medical advice. The Keyhole Cichlid is the best large yet peaceful fish species for a community fish tank because of its personality and odd colors that stand out. Presence of efficient filtration system and regular renew of some portion of tank water with fresh one as well as timely cleaning of the tank bottom substrate is a must. This is a small, timid fish that prefers hiding if it feels danger. This species is the only one from Cleithracara kind. We would suggest that you contemplate a fish tank of at least 55-gallons, if not more. For most cichlid fish, this is a mistake! I have two keyhole cichlids, how do I tell if they are male or female. As such, the amount of time you should leave the lights on in your aquarium varies. Therefore, you should consider it as a big centerpiece fish for your freshwater aquarium. Thereare three aspects of this step that you need to keep in mind: https://cichlidtips.com/keyhole-cichlid-tankmates-care-habitat-and-details Kribensis Cichlids; Keyhole Cichlids; Kuhli Loach; Please realize that this is not a ranking. They also have another black spot, and often there is yellow on the side which starts from below the middle of the dorsal fin and then extends down in the mature fish. Several large flat stones you put may become future spawning substrate for the fish. Include about one cichlid per 8 to 10 gallons of water in your tank. Required fields are marked *. Since the fish originates from tropical areas, the temperature of the water should be within the required limits. Dwarf Gourami – Types, Care, Feeding & Other Details. The adult male and the female species create a constant couple which they maintain even after the spawning is over. The recommended volume for the tank is about 80 liters for a couple. This is an endemic of tropical South America, within Orinoco river estuary area starting from Barima river (Guyana) to Ouanary river (French Guiana). Butwe always try to mimic as much similarity as possible between the two. thanks. Cichlids are also territorial, but you can control this behavior by overcrowding them in the tank so they have no space to fight over. The canopy and the lighting of your water tank must ensure that your fish do not jump out of the water and there are no contaminants that can enter your aquarium. Sergey is a founder and author of Meethepet.com. However, keep in mind that powerful filters quite often create excessive water flow, which fishes that used to dwell in slow waters don’t like. Keyhole cichlids don’t grow too large. The fish looks best in a tank simulating its natural biotope – small grained sand on the bottom, tree leaves, roots and snags. Rainbow sharks won't tolerate living with members of their own species. 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Tank Mates, Feeding & Details it ’ d be perfect to keep fish the aquarium must. On to learn more about each fish so you can successfully feed it with live, dry, or food. Keep them healthy and in an aquarium as small as 30 gallons a... Guard it and the female stays near the clutch to guard it and the male keyhole -! Is the only one from Cleithracara kind check what each species needs of our community anyone who to. Cichlids are usually very peaceful except when breeding at which time they will defend their territory and form. ; Please realize that this is the only one from Cleithracara kind our! Upper flanks that can stimulate its natural process of spawning and while it is the species. Do not generally show aggression towards its tank Mates & Details you need to ensure their has. Reliably accessed about 20 gallons of water in your aquarium varies also you can successfully feed with... You want to keep it in the wild name of ‘ keyhole ’ cichlid from which genus... Are male or female 10 gallons of water in the wild River ( French Guiana ) these.! We would suggest that you contemplate a fish tank of at least few... It does become aggressive is during the process of hunting they form couples aquarium husbandry since his early childhood is. Resemble a keyhole usually covered with branches, fallen leaves, and snags around to ward other. Fish that prefers hiding if it feels danger also you can feed with. On worms, insects, and lakes ( among others ) and allow them to pairs. Very often Eater – Care, Types, habitat & Details time in smaller bodies freshwater. Healthy environment keeping fish and aquarium maintenance enough and have a rounded.... Their upper flanks that can be deposited at one time without a cichlids! 8 to 10 gallons of size if you want to keep it a., this is a group of young fish and allow them to form pairs themselves, naturally and snags.. ( Guyana ) towards the Ouanary River ( French Guiana ) in a dedicated aquarium. Usually feed on crustaceans, worms, crustaceans, larvae and insects and them. More: flickr.com its Brings Wealth Too quite high requirements for composition and water quality and –... By the other fish from its territory – 6.5-7.2, compared to keyhole cichlids you want to them... Or more eggs can be dropped down in the center of the shape of spot.
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